175th anniversary of the Geological Survey of Canada
In 1842, the Canadian government established the Geological Survey of Canada (GSC), which has the distinction of being Canada’s first science agency, and is now part of Natural Resources Canada’s Earth Sciences sector. The mission of the GSC was to map Canada’s geology, with the goal of helping develop a viable Canadian mineral industry by establishing the general geological base on which the industry could plan detailed investigations. GSC members were instrumental in the exploration of Canada.
Today, the GSC is Canada’s national organization for geoscientific information and research. Its focuses is on the sustainable development of Canada’s mineral, energy and water resources; stewardship of Canada’s environment; management of natural geological and related hazards; and technology innovation. We celebrated the 175th anniversary of the Geological Survey of Canada through participation at the Geological Association of Canada and the Mineral Association of Canada (GAC-MAC) Conference in May, and by setting up a display in Stauffer Library showcasing maps, reports and mineral specimens. Queen’s University Library is currently working on a project to surface these publications through enhanced description and developing resource guides.
The information collected by geologists and engineers over the past 175 years has been distributed by publications such as maps, reports, ongoing monograph series (such as GSC Memoirs, Papers, Bulletin), books and data. In addition to the federal survey, each province and territory has its own geological survey that produces maps, reports and series. These publications are considered especially valuable for a number of reasons: geological information does not become outdated; these publications are so detailed; and in general, the information cannot be found elsewhere.