Indigenous Studies

Aboriginal art
Photo: Bentley Smith , via Flickr (CC license)

Article Indexes

Journal articles are not listed in QCAT. Use an index to find magazine and journal articles. Articles are important in your research as they contain the most-up-to-date research in a given field and often focus on a particular aspect of a topic. There are different types of articles: scholarly, popular or trade.

Tip: Remember to search journal title and not article title in QCAT

Key Indexes

  You are connecting from off-campus. You will be prompted to enter your NetID and password before connecting to a Queen's-only database.
Publication coverage: 1954 - present
Access restricted to the Queen's community (6 user limit)
Indexes over 2100 journals as well as books, book reviews and theses, from prehistoric times - present.
Covers all aspects of native North American culture, history and life.

Other Useful Indexes

  You are connecting from off-campus. You will be prompted to enter your NetID and password before connecting to a Queen's-only database.
Arctic Science and Technology Information System. A database of publications about northern Canada.
Publication coverage: 1949-
Topics covered include Native Indian current affairs, land claims, health services, as well as articles on missions, mythology, spirituality, ....
The Getty Research Institute.
Publication coverage: Varies with publication
First Nations Canadian journals indexed include the Canadian Journal of Native Studies, Native Studies Review [Canada], Windspeaker.
Publication coverage: Indexed articles: 1977 - present ; Full-text articles: 1983 - present
Print holdings: 1920 - 1998: Check QCAT
Provides "access to Canadian and American periodical literature" including historical journals.
An annotated source of information about the magazines, journals, newspapers and newsletters of Canada's Inuit peoples and communities.
Publication coverage: 16th - early 20th century
Documents Canadian history from the time of the first European settlers up to the early 20th Century.
Publication coverage: 1966 - present
Print holdings: Full-text of documents on microfiche in the Education Library: 1966 - present
Educational Resources Information Center. Indexes Education journals such as: Winds of change, American Indian Higher Education, Tribal College and Wicazo Sa Review. Sample keywords: American Indians, Indigenous peoples.
Online from 1998-
Indexes literature (20 journals) on all aspects of Native peoples.
Publication coverage: 1936-
Print holdings: REF Z1605.H2 from 1935-
Sample keywords: indigenous languages, indigenous knowledge (systems), self-determination, ethnobotany.
University of Saskatchewan Library. Includes books, articles (both scholarly and general), theses, documents, photographs, archival resources, maps, review papers, etc.
National Aboriginal Health Organization (NAHO) Métis Database provides health-related data on the Métis in Canada. More Information.
Publication coverage: 1925 - present
Indexes journals such as Studies in American Indian Literature; North Dakota Quarterly; American Indian Culture & Research, Canadian Journal of Native Studies. Sample keywords: folk-literature, fold narrative, oral history or search by author name: Sherman Alexie, Joy Harjo, Gerald Vizenor, Lee Maracle, Thomas King.
A database of a representative sample of NMAI's object and historic photo collections.
University of New Mexico. Contains bibliographic information and abstracts of health-related articles, reports, surveys, and other resource documents pertaining to the health and health care of American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Canadian First Nations.
Publication coverage: 17th century - present
Includes biographies, autobiographies, personal narratives, speeches, diaries, letters, oral histories, reference works, manuscripts, and photographs and images of indigenous peoples from all areas of North America.


To find books in our collection, search QCAT by author, title, subject heading, or keyword. Refer to the QCAT guide for examples of how to combine keywords using the connecting words "AND, OR, NOT".

To find books by a particular author/person, search QCAT by author:
Highway Tomson
To find books about a particular author/person, search QCAT by subject heading:
Highway Tomson
To find books on a topic, use a keyword search if you do not know the correct subject heading for a topic. Think of the focus (or key) words that describe your topic.
"native people?" AND (history OR chronology)
Select useful titles and look at the full record for subject headings. There are several Subject headings for native Peoples in QCAT; the main heading is:
Indians of North America
Examples of subject headings relating to Native Studies:
Native Peoples
Indians of North America
Indians of North America British Columbia History
Indian authors Canada Interviews
Haida Indians
To find bibliographies on a topic, look for the subdivision bibliography following a subject heading.
Indians of North America--Bibliography
To find primary sources in the library, look for the subdivision sources following a subject heading.
Indians of North America--History--Sources

The following books are not a part of the Reference Collection at Stauffer library but are found in the stacks on the 3rd floor of the library. They have been included here because they contain information on Native Peoples in a concise and systematic manner.

Canada's First Nations: a History of Founding Peoples from Earliest Times
E78.C2.D459 2002t

General history text on Canada's First Nations.

Native America: Portrait of the Peoples
E76.2 .N35 1994

A comprehensive and detailed account of Native Peoples from both a Canadian and American perspective.

The Native American Almanac
E77.H59 1993t

The North American Indians in Early Photographs
E77.5.F54 1988t

Language Dictionaries

Consult specialized dictionaries to get a concise overview of a concept, school of thought or person. To find dictionaries on your topic, search QCAT using the keywords of your topic combined with "dictionaries".

Alberta Elder's Cree Dictionary
REF PM988.L42 1998t

Blackfoot Grammar
REF PM2342.F72 2009

Delaware - English / English - Delaware Dictionary
REF PM 1033.O43 1996

Dictionary of the Language of the Micmac Indians who Reside in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward island, Cape Breton and Newfoundland.
REF PM1793.R2 1994

English-Cayuga / Cayuga-English Dictionary = Gayogoho:no› / Hnyo›ohneha:› Wadewenaga:da:s Ohyadohsro:do›
REF PM757.Z5.E64 2002

English-Eskimo / Eskimo-English Dictionary: Inuktitut-English / English-Inuktitut
REF PM63.T42 1997

Handbook of American Indian Languages
REF E51.U6 no.040 pt.001

Discusses the general characteristics of Indian languages.

Inuktitut a Multi-dialectal Outline Dictionary (with an Aivilingmiutaq Base)
REF PM55.Z5.S63 1998t

Iontewennaweienhstahkwa: Mohawk Language Dictionary
REF PM1883.M37 1990t

Lakota Dictionary
REF PM1024.Z9.L333 2002

Michif Dictionary: Turtle Mountain Chippewa Cree
REF PM7895.M53L39 1983t

Nēhiưyawēwin : Itwēwina = Cree: Words: a Cree-English Dictionary
REF PM988.W658 (2 volumes)

Oneida-English / English-Oneida Dictionary
REF PM2073.Z5.M527 2002

Tuscarora-English / English-Tuscarora Dictionary
REF PM2501.Z5.R82 1999


Consult specialized encyclopedias to get a broad overview of a subject, a concise overview of a concept, school of thought or person. To find encyclopedias on your topic, search QCAT using the keywords of your topic combined with "encyclopedia".

American Indian History
REF E77.A496 2003 (2 volumes)

The Canadian Encyclopedia
(companion to 2000 print edition)
REF AE25.G3 2000

Tip: The online version is much easier to navigate and locate information from than the print source via a series of links. Browse the Subject Index and locate the subject listing for Native People. Three sub-topics are listed: Material Culture, Native People, General and Native Tribes. All 3 sites provide detailed information about Native peoples of Canada.

Dictionary of Native American Literature
REF PM155.D53 1994

Topics are arranged by subject and by period in three parts: Native American Oral Literatures, the Historical Emergence of Native American Writing and, a Native American Renaissance: 1967 to the Present. Each essay is followed by a detailed bibliography of both primary and secondary sources. Tables, maps and graphical statistics are included with some essays.

Encyclopedia of American Indian Costume
REF E98.C8P37 1993t

This is an excellent reference source that focuses on traditional (non-European) and early transition materials of Native Americans and Inuit. The contents have been divided into 10 chapters by cultural region. Key sources follow each entry. There are 2 Appendices: Appendix 1: Clothing Arts of the American Indians provides detailed information of each clothing piece and how it was constructed.

Encyclopedia of American Indian Contributions to the World
REF E54.5.K46 2002

Encyclopedia of Canada's Peoples
REF FC104.E56 1999

Documents the experiences of different ethnocultural groups making up Canada's past. The Aboriginal entry is subdivided into major linguistic groupings.

The Encyclopedia of Native American Economic History
REF E98.E2.E52 1999

Encyclopedia of Native American Religions
REF E98 .R3 H73 1991

This reference source is the foundation for other sources on Native American religions. Entries are arranged alphabetically by belief, ceremony, missionaries, movements, medicine, biographies, and court cases.

Encyclopedia of the North American Colonies
REF E45.E53 1993

3 volume set. Whether you are searching for specific information on Native American economics and colonization or, looking for general information on cultural trends at the time of colonization, this is a wonderful reference source. It consists of 274 essays, which cover the period 900-1860. Emphasis is on the four major imperial powers (France, Great Britain, Holland, and Spain) in colonization, however, the Norse, Russians, and Swedes are also included. A search in the Index found information on Native peoples under the heading "Native American". Anything and everything you wanted to know about colonist contact has been covered in this encyclopedia set including Native American--settlement agreements, Native American--Families and life cycles and Native American--Aboriginal slavery.

Handbook of North American Indians
REF E76.2.H36

Each volume of this set is divided into geographic areas and subject areas. These sources are dated but each volume contains a wealth of information on each region and an impressive bibliography.

The Mythology of North America
REF E98.R3B54 2002

Native Americans: an Encyclopedia of History, Culture and Peoples
REF E77.P89 1998

This 2 volume set is an excellent starting point. The information focuses mainly on the United States but includes Canadian tribes as well. There are 10 chapters, which are defined by region. Tribal languages are then listed alphabetically within that region. Subheadings for each entry include location, population, language, historical information, religion, government, customs, dwellings, diet, key technology, trade, notable arts, transportation, dress and, war and weapons.

Native North American Firsts
REF E77.S96 1997

Brief entries are categorized into broad subject categories (e.g., education, media, performing arts, rights and activism, sciences) and are arranged by time line. A monthly calendar, a general index and an index by year are also included. Be watchful! Although this is a handy source, a few entries may contain information that is misleading.


Consult biographical dictionaries to get brief information about people, dates and events. For more sources, see Biographical Resources.

Dictionary of Canadian Biography
REF F5009.D43

Online access to 14 print volumes, all searchable by keyword and some by profession and geographic region.
Print volumes published so far cover the time period from 1000 to 1920.

Cambridge History of Native Peoples in North America
E77 .N62 1996 (3 volumes)

The Encyclopedia of Native American Biography
REF E89 .J69 1998 r

First Nations Artists in Canada
REF E98.A7.A16T 2001

"Provides a picture of the extensive body of work which Native artists have produced between 1960 and 1999." Includes bibliographical entries.

North American Indian Thought and Culture

Includes biographies, autobiographies, oral histories, reference works, manuscripts, and photographs.

Native American Women: a Biographical Dictionary
REF E98.W8B38 2001

Who Was Who in Native American History
REF E89 .W35 1990t

Focuses more on contacts made between Native Americans and non-Native Americans therefore, many of the entries are of non-Native Americans such as Arthur Boyd Houghton and Charles King. Content focuses on United States and Canada and omits Central America, South America and the Caribbean.


Consult bibliographies to find a comprehensive list of sources on a specific topic or a selective list of key works on a topic. To find out what bibliographies the Library has, do a subject search in QCAT:

by Keyword
"native people" and bibliography
or by Subject
Indians of North America--Bibliography

Aboriginal People: a Selected Bibliography Concerning Canada's First

REF Z1209.2.C2W46

A dated source (©1973) but good for finding older Canadian information and sources such as population distribution, aboriginal rights and treaties, the Indian Acts, economic development and urbanization and, aboriginal people in other than North American countries. A second copy of this bibliography is available in the General collection.

Aboriginal Self-Government in Canada: a Bibliography
REF Z1209.2.C P47 1986t
REF Z1209.2.C P47 1991t + (1987-90)

Newspaper and magazine articles are not referenced. Topics are divided into 5 parts: Part I - General Papers, Part II - The First Ministers' Conferences on Aboriginal Constitutional Matters: papers and public documents, Part III - Federal and Provincial Approaches to Aboriginal Self Government, Part IV - Existing Self -Government Agreements and Related Papers, Part V - Aboriginal Peoples' Approaches to Self Government. In the 1991 ed. there are fewer entries; therefore some categories were conjoined.

American Indian Literatures: an Introduction, Bibliographic Review, and Selected Bibliography
REF PM 155.R86 1990t

A good introduction to this field of study, in 3 parts. Part 1 provides an overview of orality, autobiographies, creative writings and essays of Native American literature. Part 2 is a bibliographic essay reviewing research guides, anthologies, and various other aspects of Native American literature. Part 3 is an extensive bibliography. A chronology of important dates in American Indian history is also included.

A Canadian Indian Bibliography 1960-1970
REF Z1209.2C2A24

A comprehensive bibliography that lists materials published between 1960 to 1970 on the Canadian Indian and Metis that is interdisciplinary in scope. The Case Law Digest part of the bibliography covers the years 1867-1972. Maps also included.

Ethnographic Bibliography of North America
REF Z1209.2.N67M87 1975

This 5 volume bibliography focuses mainly on ethnography. Other fields covered include linguistics, archaeology, history, relations the ethnic groups with the federal governments, education, medicine, human geography, urbanism, and Pan-Indianism. Chapters are organized by region. Each region includes an ethnic map, and introduction or summary of the area and an expanded area bibliography.
Vol 1: General North America
Vol 2: Arctic and Subarctic
Vol 3: Far West and Pacific Coast
Vol 4: Eastern United States
Vol 5: Plains and Southwest

Indians of North America: Methods and Sources for Library Research
REF Z1209.H22 1983

Designed for the "Beginner Researcher". An excellent starting point for new library users or for those who want a refresher on how to search for materials in an academic library. Provides both an Annotated Bibliography that is indexed by Topic and an Unannotated Bibliography that is indexed by Tribe.

Indians of the United States and Canada: a Bibliography
REF Z1209.2.N67I52 (v.001-v.002)

Users should also consult the database "America: History & Life" in conjunction with this 2-volume bibliography as the entries were obtained from the database. A list of tribal names and their acronyms is included in both volumes. The chapters are organized in time frames followed by tribal language.

Native American in Long Fiction
REF Z1231.F4B42 1996
REF Z1231.F4B42 2003 (Supplement, 1995-2002)

This annotated bibliography focuses on the literature of the native peoples of the United States published from 1895 to 2002. However, the bibliography discusses tribal groups (e.g. Iroquois tribes) that cross over into Canada are also included. All of the entries are annotated. Authors who are Native American are identified by tribe.

Native Americans: Social, Economic and Political Aspects: a Bibliography
REF Z1209.2.U5N67 1998t

A small booklet, but it contains a considerable amount of information. Bibliographic entries are in categories that include social conditions, ethnic and cultural identity, religion and philosophy, stereotypical images, government relations and civil rights, water and fishing rights, political institutions, political activity, environmental issues, economic conditions, Indian gaming, education, health, traditional medicine and health beliefs, mental health, alcohol and drug use, crime and criminal justice, women, the elderly and testimonials. Also included are: bibliographies, directories and web sites.

Native American Women: a Contextual Bibliography
REF Z1209.2.N67G75 1983

Entries are specifically by or about Native American women. Just under 700 entries.

Native Canadian Anthropology and History: a Selected Bibliography
REF Z1209.2.C2K73 1994t

Divided into 3 parts: Part 1: Reference, Comparative, and Basic Historical Sources, Part 2: Regional and Ethnic Sources and Part 3: Special Topics include, Writing the History of Native Canadians, The Fur Trade, Missionaries, Education, Health and Disease, Art and Material Culture, Gender, Political, Legal, and Constitutional Issues.

The Native Peoples of Canada in Contemporary Society: a Demographic and Socio-Economic Bibliography
REF Z1209.2 .C2 W34 1989t

This is an annotated bibliography that concentrates on scholarly materials. Coverage of Inuit is not as broad as the other groups. Arranged alphabetically by author and chronologically by year of publication. Holdings across Canada follow each entry.

Resources for Native Peoples Studies
REF Z1209.2 .C2 C67 1984t

English and French. Directory is organized by province -- city -- library. Provincial information includes population statistics, a list of the types of libraries, library descriptions and library holdings.


Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada

Information on aboriginal peoples and their heritage in Canada, with links to other aboriginal and native sites. Full text of historic treaties.

Aboriginal Connections

A comprehensive Web directory presenting categorized information about Canadian Aboriginal, Native American Indian, and International Indigenous sites (from Lakehead University). Over 2,000 native sites are currently listed.

Aboriginal Documentary Heritage (Library and Archives Canada)

This Web exhibition recounts first-hand information illustrating the complex and often contentious relationship between the Canadian government and Canada's Aboriginal people from the late 1700s to the mid-20th century.

Aboriginal Mapping Network

"A collection of resource pages for First Nation mappers who are looking for answers to common questions regarding mapping, information management and GIS."

Aboriginals: Treaties and Relations

Arctic Circle

Hosted at the University of Connecticut, this site seeks to expand knowledge of the Circumpolar North. Headings include natural resources, history & culture, social equity & environmental justice, museum, virtual classroom, and an Arctice Forum.

Assembly of First Nations

Banff Centre

A showcase of Aboriginal artists — writers, musicians, dancers and choreographers, visual and new media artists, and others — to research, conceive, and produce Aboriginal work with cultural integrity and artistic merit.

The British Columbia Assembly of First Nations

The website for the British Columbia Assembly of First Nations (BCAFN). The BCAFN is Political Territorial Organization (PTO) that represents the 203 First Nations in British Columbia.

Canada: A People's History

This web site is based on the CBC TV series. It includes a time-line, audio-visual downloads and a bibliography and reading list for each episode.

CBC News – Aboriginal

This web site provides news, music, film and more.

Center For World Indigenous Studies (CWIS)

Access to fourth world resources for indigenous Peoples including the Fourth World Journal, the Fourth World Institute, the Fourth World Documentation Project and the Center for Traditional Medicine.

Chiefs of Ontario

The coordinating body for 134 first nation communities, with information on political interests, fiscal relations, and community profiles.

Ethnologue Canada

Provides statistical information about First Nation languages in Canada including languages that are now extinct.

First Nation Information Project

Information is Canadian focused under such headings as culture, organizations, native businesses, news stories etc. Very useful links to other First Nations sites.

First Nations House of Learning - Xwi7xwa Library

This library (pronounced "whei-wah") is a branch of the University of British Columbia libraries. "All Xwi7xwa library materials are catalogued on the UBC Library catalogue." A good place to start your research.

First Nations Language Program

From the Woodland Cultural Centre's First Nations Language Program site. Provides brief information about the First Nations Languages in Ontario, the status of Aboriginal Languages in Canada, and programs and projects of the Woodland Cultural Center.

Hemispheric Institute of Performance and Politics

A consortium of institutions, artists, scholars, and activists dedicated to exploring the relationship between expressive behavior (broadly construed as performance) and social and political life in the Americas.

Hubert Wenger Eskimo Database

Searchable database of 200 books and journal articles written by explorers, missionaries, ethnographers, and others who were among the first Euroamericans to travel among and write about Inuit/Eskimo peoples. It includes out-of-print and hard to find material, basic works descriptive of each Inuit/Eskimo and Aleut group, drawings, photographs, and maps.

Hudson's Bay Company Archives : Archives of Manitoba

"Offers a wealth of information on the human and natural history of western and northern Canada and the western USA."

Index of Native American Resources on the Internet

Comprehensive subject index, under such headings as art, culture, electronic texts, history, museums, etc. (part of the WWW Virtual Library).

Indian Affairs Annual Reports, 1864-1990

Information on aboriginal peoples and their heritage in Canada, with links to other aboriginal and native sites.

iPortal - Indigenous Studies Portal

Developed by the University of Saskatchewan Library. Includes books, articles (both scholarly and general), theses, documents, photographs, archival resources, maps, review papers, etc.

Kappler's Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties

Compiled and edited by Charles J. Kappler from Oklahoma State University Library.

Languages of First Nations, Métis and Inuit Collections

This web site from the University of Saskatchewan provides a description of library collections across Canada. The contents are arranged by language.

Library and Archives Canada - Aboriginal Peoples

"Offers a selection of Library and Archives Canada resources on the topic of Aboriginal peoples" including Digital Collections, Research Aids and Virtual Exhibitions.

Métis National Council Historical Online Database

Presents information extracted from archival documents relevant to the historical Métis Nation. Includes high-resolution digital photography and scans of many original archival documents. Users can construct Métis family trees.

Mi'kmaq Portraits Collection

"A collection of portraits and illustrations in various media, of the Mi'kmaq of Atlantic Canada."

National Aboriginal Document Database

Search the full text of specific statutes/acts, court decisions, treaties, etc.

National Aboriginal Health Organization (NAHO)

Information of health issues and health research for aboriginal peoples.

Native American Sites

Home pages of individual First Nations, Native Organizations, Native Journals and Newsletters, Native Education sites, and general Native resources.


Information here is broken down by cultural groups, subjects, geographic areas, languages, literatures, historical material, etc.

Red and Black Series Library and Archives Canada

The original central registry system for Indian Affairs headquarters records was established in 1872. At that time, a straight numeric file list (Red Series), typical of 19th-century registry systems, was set up. In 1882 a separate series (Black Series) was set up for Manitoba, the Northwest Territories, British Columbia and the Maritime provinces. The records of the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs' Red and Black Series are an incredible historical resource. They contain information pertaining to all aspects of human history, culture and language, exploration and land settlement, and resource development. They also provide documentation of the vast changes that took place in the Canadian federal government between 1872 and 1923.

Statistics Canada

For general information enter "Aboriginal Peoples". For language information, type in the phrase "Canada's Aboriginal Languages". An index of all related web pages will be listed.

Treaties, Surrenders and Agreements

Library and Archives Canada (LAC) holds an extensive, but not a complete, collection of historic Canadian Indian treaties, land surrenders, and related agreements (ITS).

University of Saskatchewan Libraries and the University Archives

Access to materials relating to the Northwest Resistance of 1885 held by the Special Collections Department of the University of Saskatchewan Libraries and the University of Saskatchewan Archives.

Where are the Children? Healing the Legacy of the Residential Schools

This exhibit "attempts to give voice to the untold stories of so many Aboriginal boys and girls who attended residential schools in Canada from 1831 to the 1990's". From the Legacy of Hope Foundation, Aboriginal Healing Foundation, and Library and Archives Canada.



A theses or dissertation is an extended body of research produced by students for a higher degree such as a Masters of PhD or an extended essay undertaken as part of an undergraduate program of study.

This guide includes information about how to locate print and electronic theses or dissertations produced by students at Queen’s as well as those produced by students at other institutions, both in Canada and overseas. 


To find theses and dissertations produced at Queen's, search the following:


Open Access Repositories

Search for full text of open access dissertations and theses by searching the following sites:

United States


TIP: The Library sometimes can have a copy of a dissertation from another university--either purchased by the Library, or purchased by an individual student or faculty member and later donated to the library collection so always check QCAT.