French Language and Literature

Rivers of Paris
Photo: Piero Sierra , via Flickr (CC license)

Article Indexes

For access to full-text electronic journal articles, check Electronic Journals and search by journal title or subject.

Journal articles are not listed in QCAT. Use an index to find magazine and journal articles. Articles are important in your research as they contain the most-up-to-date research in a given field and often focus on a particular aspect of a topic. There are different types of articles: scholarly, popular or trade.

Tip: Remember to search journal title and not article title in QCAT


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Publication coverage: 1925 - present
Most comprehensive index to articles, essays, book chapters, books, and dissertations relating to literature.
Collection of European French-language e-journals. Full-text (journal articles)
Érudit, based in Québec, publishes Canadian scholarly journals, primarily in French although the collection includes a few bilingual and English titles. It also serves as a publishing centre for journals supported by the Fonds québécois de recherche sur la société et la culture
Publication coverage: 1892 - present (some primary texts date from 600 AD)
Access restricted to the Queen's community (4 user limit)
Searchable database of more than 350,000 works of English and American poetry, drama, and prose. Also indexes criticism from The Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature (ABELL), includes the full text of 104 specialist literature journals, and more...
Publication coverage: 1980 - present
REPÈRE is an index to articles from the most widely read French-language periodicals distributed in Quebec. Of the 243 titles indexed, 157 are from Quebec, 10 from Canada and 76 from Europe.


Primary source material is a key part of historical research. A primary source is a document in which an event is described by its witnesses. Some examples are: diaries, letters, speeches, letters, interviews, newspapers, autobiographies, official records including government documents, pamphlets, photographs, films, art, novels, music, furniture, clothing, buildings, and jewellery.

A secondary source interprets and analyses primary sources. Secondary sources are one step removed from the event. Some examples are: textbooks, journal articles, histories, criticism, commentaries and encyclopedias.

To find books on a topic, search the Queen's Catalogue (QCAT) by author, title, subject headings, or keyword.

To find books by a particular author/person, search QCAT by author:
flaubert gustave
To find books about a particular author/person, search QCAT by subject heading:
roy gabrielle
If you are searching for books on a particular work, check for headings with the name of a single work following the author and click on that heading.
e.g. Roy, Gabrielle, 1909-1983. Bonheur d'occasion
If there are no books on a single work, choose the general heading "Criticism and Interpretation".
e.g. Roy, Gabrielle, 1909-1983. Criticism and interpretation
If there are no books on the author you are looking for, try the following subject headings:
Authors, French -- Biography
Authors, French-Canadian -- Biography
Authors, French -- Bio-bibliography
French literature -- Bio-bibliography
French-Canadian literature -- Bio-bibliography
French literature -- History and criticism
To find books on a topic, use a keyword search (including Boolean operators: and, or, not) if you do not know the correct subject heading for a topic. Think of the focus (or key) words that describe your topic. Combine words with "and". Use quotations for phrases.
"french novelists" and "20th century"
Select useful titles and look at the full record for subject headings.
Children's literature, French-Canadian--History and criticism
Authors, French-Canadian--Québec (Province)--Biography--Dictionaries--French
Examples of other types of subject headings:
French literature--To 1500--History and criticism
Literature and society--France
Politics and literature--France
You can find bibliographies on a topic by looking for the subdivision bibliography following a subject heading.
France--Social conditions--Bibliography
You can find primary sources in the library by looking for the subdivision sources following a subject heading.
France--History--Medieval period, 987-1515--Sources

Book Reviews

Book reviews can be found in the following JOURNALS located in Stauffer Library - Bound Journals. Newest issues of the journals are located in Current Periodicals.

Australian Journal of French Studies
PQ1.A8 from 1965-

Auteurs contemporains

Documentation critique sur les écrivains contemporains de la langue française

Canadian Modern Language Review
PB1.C3t from 1944-

PN80.D5 (1971-1978) (Microfilm Stauffer)
PN80.D5 (1979-1999) (Bound journals)
Online from 1971-

Forum for Modern Language Studies
PN2.F74 (1965 - 2004)
Online from 1996-

French Review
PC2001.F75 from 1927-
Online (1927-2004)

French Studies
PQ1.F85 (1947-2003)
Online from 1996-

Modern Language Notes (MLN)
PB1.M59 (1886-2000)
Online (1886-1961)
Online from 1962-

La nouvelle revue française
AP20.N85 from 1953-

Online from 1980-
REF AI7.P64t (1994-1999) microforme

Reviews are listed under the heading Livres- Comptes rendus. The electronic database corresponds to the printed indexes: Periodex and Radar (1973-1983: REF F5400.R3) which united to form Point de Repère (1984-1993: REF AI7.P64t microfiche) and was continued by Repère (1994-1999).

Revue d'histoire littéraire de la France
PQ2.R4 from 1894 -

Year's Work in Modern Language Studies
REF PB6.M68 (1930-2002)


There are many types of dictionaries. Apart from those listed here, consider dictionaries that specialize in: time periods, etymology, grammar, slang, synonyms, subjects, authors, and forms of usage.

Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

Access to both the 8th edition and the unfinished 9th edition.

Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française, et de tous ses dialects du IXe siècle au XVe siècle
REF PC2889.G5 (10 volumes)

Dictionnaire des canadianismes
REF PC3637.D815 1999t

Dictionnaire des difficultés du français moderne
REF PC2630.H33 1987

Dictionnaire des lettres françaises
REF PQ41.D5 1994

Three volumes: [1] Le Moyen Âge - [2] Le XVIIe siècle - [3] Le XVIIIe siècle

Dictionnaire des littératures de langue française
REF PQ41.B4 1987

Dictionnaire des oeuvres littéraires du Québec
REF PS9015.D53

Dictionnaire du français acadien
REF PC3643.C67 1999

Dictionnaire du français classique
REF PC2650.D83 1988

Dictionnaires des XVIe et XVIIe siècles

Dictionnaire Larousse en ligne

Le grand dictionnaire terminologique

Le site de l’Office québécois de la langue française, une mine de renseignements. Vous y trouverez, outre le GDT :
  • la Banque de dépannage linguistique (orthographe, grammaire, etc.);
  • des Liens utiles vers différents sites linguistiques et terminologiques;
  • des lexiques, vocabulaires, supports et outils d’implantation du français;
  • des jeux;
  • la banque de données TOPOS (noms et lieux du Québec).

Grand Larousse de la langue française en sept volumes
REF PC2625.G7

Le grand Robert & Collins

Multidictionnaire de la langue française
REF PC2625.V538 2003t

Le nouveau dictionnaire des oeuvres: de tous les temps et de tous les pays
REF AE25.D55 1994 (7 volumes)

Le nouveau Petit Robert

Nouveau petit Robert: dictionnaire alphabétique et analogique de la langue française
REF DESK PC2625 .R552 2009
REF PC2625 .R5545 2008

Petit Robert: dictionnaire universel des noms propres
REF AG25.P45 1994t

Termium Plus

Trésor de la langue française
REF PC2625.I4 (16 volumes)

Trésor de la langue française informatisé


Dictionnaire des oeuvres littéraires de langue française
REF PQ41.B42 1994

Four-volume encyclopedia of French literary works arranged alphabetically by title.

The Feminist Encyclopedia of French Literature
REF PQ149.F47 1999

Traces women authors through the history of French Literature.

Handbooks and Guides

Handbooks and guides provide specific information as well as general context.

La littérature canadienne-française
REF PS9071.T72 1974

A New History of French Literature
REF PQ119.N48 1989t

New Oxford Companion to Literature in French
REF PQ41.N49 1995

Revue d'histoire littéraire du Québec et du Canada français
REF PS9071.4.H5 (1980-1988)


Consult biographical dictionaries to get brief information about people, dates and events. For more sources, see Biographical Resources.

Biographie universelle (Michaud) ancienne et moderne ...
REF CT143.B6 45 vols. (1854-1865)

Dictionnaire de biographie française
REF CT143.D57 (1933 - present)

Dictionnaire de littérature contemporaine
REF PQ305.B68D 1963

This illustrated work includes articles on twentieth-century French writers with lists of works by and about each author. Nine introductory essays survey French literature of the twentieth century.

Dictionnaire des écrivains Québecois contemporains
REF PS9081.L44 1983

Dictionnaire des littératures de langue française
REF PQ41.B4 1987

Biographical details including book titles.

Dictionnaire mondial des littératures
REF PN41.D4875 2002

Who's Who in France
REF DC705.A1 W6 (most recent)

Earlier volumes are in Stauffer Books (stacks) except for 1965-1966, which is located in Compact Shelving.


An Annotated Bibliography of French Language and Literature
REF Z2175 .A2 B38 1976

A comprehensive, annotated guide to research tools for French literary and linguistic study.

Bibliographie annuelle de l'histoire de France du cinquième siècle
REF Z2176 .B5 (1955-2002)

Issued by the Comité Français des Sciences Historiques. Classified by broad subject areas with specific subject index.

Bibliographie de la France
REF Z2165 .B58 (1811-1970)

Continued by:
Catalogue de l'édition française
Z2165.C3 (1970-1976) Stauffer Compact Shelving
Les livres disponibles (French books in print)
REF Z2161.L7T from 1977-present (with earlier volumes in Stauffer Books)

Bibliographie de la littérature française du seizième siècle
REF Z2172 .C5 1975

Bibliographie de la littérature française moderne
REF Z2171 .B55 (16-20 siècle)

Bibliographie der französischen Literaturwissenschaft
REF Z171 .K55 (1956-present) (Volumes 1-40)

A Critical Bibliography of French Literature
REF PQ100.2 .C1 (1946-1994)

French 17
REF Z2172 .M6 (volumes 2-19)

French XX Bibliography
REF PQ281.2 .M68

Critical and biographical references for the study of contemporary French literature from 1940 onward.

French-Canadian Authors: A Bibliography of Their Works and of English-Language Criticism
REF Z1377 .F8 K35 1990

French Literature: An Annotated Guide to Selected Bibliographies
REF Z2171 .A1 C34 1981

L'ILE - Le Centre de documentation virtuel sur la littérature québécoise

Expertly selected collection of biographical, bibliographical and full-text of more than 1000 Québécois writers.

International Medieval Bibliography
D111 .I5 (1968-June 2000) Stauffer Library - Compact Shelving
Online from 1967-

International Medieval Bibliography has over 300,000 records, "deriving from articles published in journals, and in miscellany volumes (conference proceedings, collected essays, Festschriften and exhibition catalogues). All subjects relating to the Middle Ages are included, within the date range 400-1500". Includes "research on medieval history in archaeology, architecture, arts, canon law, the crusades, daily life, ecclesiastical history, folk studies, historiography, language, literature, military history, music, philosophy, political thought, religion, social history, and theology. Covers Europe, North Africa, Armenia, and the Muslim World."

Research and Reference Guide to French Studies
REF Z2175 .A2 O8 1981

Literary Criticism

Classical and Medieval Literature Criticism
REF PN681.5 .C57 (7 volumes)

Excerpts of criticism on works of world authors from classical antiquity to the end of the 14th century including first appraisals and current evaluations.

Contemporary Literary Criticism
REF PN771 .C59 (multiple volumes)

Excerpts of criticism on world authors who are living and those who died after December 31, 1959.

Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory & Criticism from 1997- (full-text version of the 1994 paper edition)

Comprehensive survey of ideas and scholars from Plato to modern times, including developments in other disciplines that have shaped literary theory and criticism. International in scope, but emphasis is on Western critical theory.

Literature Criticism from 1400 to 1800
REF PN86 .L53 1984

Excerpts from criticism of the works of fifteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth-century novelists, poets, playwrights, philosophers, and other creative writers, from the first published critical appraisals to current evaluations

Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism
REF PN761 .N5

Excerpts of criticism on novelists, poets, playwrights, short story writers, philosophers, scriptwriters and other creative writers who died between 1800 and 1899. Includes first-published critical appraisals and current evaluations.

Twentieth-Century Literature Criticism
REF PN771 .G27

Excerpts of criticism on world authors who died between 1900 and 1960


ABU : la Bibliothèque Universelle

Provides access to a number of public domain French literary texts.


Project for American and French Research on the Treasury of the French Language, University of Chicago.

ARTFL is a database containing the full texts of major literary works in French, bibliographies, an image database, and reference tools. See the ARTFL Reference Collection for:

  • ARTFL Project: French-English Dictionary
  • The Wordsmyth English Dictionary-Thesaurus
  • ARTFL Project: Roget's Thesaurus, 1911 edition
  • ARTFL Project: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Verb Conjugation Using the INFL Analyzer (unrestricted)
  • Morphological Analysis

Early Canadiana Online

Full text collection of 3000 books and pamphlets documenting Canadian history. Particularly strong in literature.

Gallica: la bibliothèque numérique (Bibliothèque nationale de France):

Gallica gives free Internet access to over 70,000 digital works and more than 80,000 images, as well as many hours of sound recordings. Click here for a tutorial on Gallica.

Other Women's Voices Translations of women's writing before 1700

A personal website collecting full texts and excerpts of works by women from Europe, Asia and the Middle East. Works range from 2200 BCE to 1700.

Project Gutenberg

Classic works world literature mainly in English; includes original french works and a number of translations into English.

Réseau francophone des bibliothèques nationales numériques

Le Réseau francophone des bibliothèques nationales numériques (RFBNN) a pour mission de réunir au sein d’une instance coopérative ouverte les grandes institutions documentaires de la Francophonie déjà engagées dans des programmes de numérisation patrimoniale, ou développant des projets dans ce domaine.


Comprehensive Guides to Resources

Labyrinth Library French Literature

French Literature and Culture

French Studies Web - WESSWeb


Association internationale des études québécoises

La mission de ce site est la promotion et le développement des études québécoises au Canada et à l'étranger.


Fabula est une association de chercheurs s'intéressant à l'articulation entre théorie et histoire littéraires, rassemblés autour d'un site Internet. En outre, le site Fabula se veut un lieu de ressources et de rencontre destiné aux chercheurs du large domaine des études littéraires. A ce travail de recherche s'ajoutent donc une mission d'information et une activité de publication. Le site Fabula est mis gratuitement à la disposition de tous les chercheurs de langue française, quel que soit leur champ de recherche (du site Fabula)

Reading Women Writers and African Literatures

An overview of African women writers writing in French.

Regroupement des éditeurs canadiens-français(RÉCF)

Fondé en 1989 par de grands visionnaires complices, le RÉCF compte aujourd’hui seize membres dispersés à travers le continent, d’Est en Ouest entre Moncton, Tracadie-Sheila, Ottawa, Sudbury, Toronto, Winnipeg et Régina.

Réseau francophone des bibliothèques nationales numériques

Le Réseau francophone des bibliothèques nationales numériques (RFBNN) a pour mission de réunir au sein d’une instance coopérative ouverte les grandes institutions documentaires de la Francophonie déjà engagées dans des programmes de numérisation patrimoniale, ou développant des projets dans ce domaine.



A theses or dissertation is an extended body of research produced by students for a higher degree such as a Masters of PhD or an extended essay undertaken as part of an undergraduate program of study.

This guide includes information about how to locate print and electronic theses or dissertations produced by students at Queen’s as well as those produced by students at other institutions, both in Canada and overseas. 


To find theses and dissertations produced at Queen's, search the following:


Open Access Repositories

Search for full text of open access dissertations and theses by searching the following sites:

United States


TIP: The Library sometimes can have a copy of a dissertation from another university--either purchased by the Library, or purchased by an individual student or faculty member and later donated to the library collection so always check QCAT.