Universal Instructional Design
| With Psychiatric Disorders
||Index||IT Accessibility Toolkit|
7.9 Universal Instructional Design
UNIVERSAL: The premise within UID is that a course designed to accommodate diverse learners will lead to greater success for all students, including those with disabilities.
INSTRUCTIONAL: While serving the needs of individual students, a UID course maintains academic rigour even while offering options and alternatives for delivery of the curriculum.
DESIGN: A methodical approach to course design and delivery, UID integrates all parts of the curriculum. As the very word “design” implies, is a planned, purposeful, deliberate approach to optimizing all of the resources to serve the students and instructors alike.
SEVEN PRINCIPLES OF UNIVERSAL INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN
Instructional materials and activities should…
1. Be accessible and fair.
Examples: Multi-modal presentation of course material (visuals, audios, text, discussion, hands-on experience, etc.); invitation to meet with students individually to review their specific needs; online course website with accessible material and asynchronous communication; use of additional learning aids.
2. Provide flexibility in use, participation and presentation.
Examples: Develop alternative teaching strategies directed at students’ interests and needs; group work to foster peer-to-peer learning; variety of learning resources with different formats and interactivity; online exercises/quizzes.
3. Be straightforward and consistent.
Examples: Course materials are presented as clearly and directly as possible; course tools are designed to be straightforward and understandable; concept maps for complex topics; prompt and effective feedback.
4. Be explicitly presented and readily perceived.
Examples: Verbal descriptions of images, objects or procedures; when speaking, face the class and use a well-modulated voice; choice of file formats on course website; use information summaries for repetition and reinforcement.
5. Provide a supportive learning environment.
Examples: Collaborative learning; drafts of assignments; regular availability to students; connect students with supportive resources.
6. Minimize unnecessary physical effort or requirements.
Examples: Course material provided in segments to avoid attention ‘burn out’; in laboratories, students work in pairs; minimize clicking and scrolling for information on course website; use of adaptive technology.
7. Ensure a learning space that accommodates both students and instructional methods.
Examples: Course website has enough ‘white space’ for easy navigation; large and small group activities; arrangement of tools and equipment for use by all students; provide space for use of assistive devices.
Universal Instructional Design Implementation Guide: http://www.tss.uoguelph.ca/uid/uid-implementation-guide-v6.pdf
Universal Instructional Design Checklist: http://www.tss.uoguelph.ca/uid/uidchecklist.cfm
Universal Instructional Design in Course Design:
- Face to face: http://www.tss.uoguelph.ca/uid/uid-workbook-FTF.pdf
- Distance education: http://www.tss.uoguelph.ca/uid/uid-workbook-DE.pdf
Universal Instructional Design applied in …
- Lecture guides: http://www.tss.uoguelph.ca/uid/guides/LecturesUIDprinc.html
- Assigned readings: http://www.tss.uoguelph.ca/uid/guides/assignedreadUIDprinc.html
- Group activities: http://www.tss.uoguelph.ca/uid/guides/groupact.html
- Creating websites: http://www.tss.uoguelph.ca/uid/guides/websiteUIDprinc.html
- Grading and assessment: http://www.tss.uoguelph.ca/uid/guides/gradingUIDprinc.html
- Lab work: http://www.tss.uoguelph.ca/uid/guides/labworkUIDprinc.html
- Physical space: http://www.tss.uoguelph.ca/uid/guides/physspaceUIDprinc.html
- Creating a syllabus: http://www.tss.uoguelph.ca/uid/guides/syllabusUIDprinc.html
- Visual aids: http://www.tss.uoguelph.ca/uid/guides/visualaidUIDprinc.html
- Teaching assistants: http://www.tss.uoguelph.ca/uid/guides/TAUIDprinc.html
- Institutional supports: http://www.tss.uoguelph.ca/uid/guides/InstsupportsUIDprinc.html
- Universal Instructional Design In Postsecondary Settings: An Implementation Guide: http://www2.mohawkcollege.ca/dept/stdev/Disability/UID-manual.pdf
- Implementing Universal Instructional Design In College Courses: http://www.brown.edu/Administration/Sheridan_Center/docs/uid.pdf
- Center for Applied Special Technology: http://www.cast.org/
- Center for Universal Design: http://www.ncsu.edu/www/ncsu/design/sod5/cud/
- National Center on Universal Design for Learning: http://www.udlcenter.org/
Last Updated: 13 September 2011