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Baldwin-Green Study: Canada-U.S. Census of Industry 1867-1940

This study matches Canadian and US manufacturing industries at the 2-digit SIC code level for census years 1900 to 1940. Canadian figures start at 1870.

Only general figures were recorded, such as:

  • number of employees
  • number of establishments
  • salary and wages
  • gross production
  • cost of input materials
  • gross value added

The project does have some drawbacks, such as the lack of US figures gross production, cost of materials, and lack of figures for the iron and steel industry. But for an aggregate comparison of the two countries, the numbers can be considered reliable.

Canadian file

U.S. file

Background Report


Compiled by: Prof. Alan Green and Prof. John Baldwin, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Disseminated with permission by: Social Science Data Centre, Queen's University
Restrictions on use: Acknowledgement of source.

The project was graciously supported by SSHRC grant # 410-83-0439 R-1.

Last Updated: 27 August 2014

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Kingston, Ontario, Canada.