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: How to Cite

Citation Managers

There are a variety of citation management software tools available. To learn more see the Citation Management guide.

Different disciplines or courses use different citation styles, so confirm with your instructor which style you should use. Style guides include:


ACS Style Guide   (American Chemical Society)


APA Style   (American PSYCHOLOGICAL Association)


ASA Style   (American SOCIOLOGICAL Association)


ASCE Style   (American Society of Civil Engineers)

CSE Style   (Council of Science Editors)

Formerly CBE and used in biology and other natural science disciplines

Chicago Style

Widely used in the humanities and social science, and history in particular

IEEE   (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)

Used in electrical and computer engineering and also by first year engineering students in APSC 100

MLA   (Modern Languages Association)

Used in literature, arts, and the humanities

Turabian Style

Used in many disciplines in humanities, social sciences, and sciences and is a variation of the Chicago style

Vancouver Style

Used in the health sciences disciplines

Special Formats of Material

Business Sources

Government Publications and Statistics

The following guides provide general citation examples for different types of government publications and statistics and are intended to supplement, not replace, standard citation manuals such as Chicago, MLA, etc.

Legal Materials

The Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation (popularly known as "the McGill Guide") is the authoritative source in Canada for citing legal materials.

  • See print version  
  • Not available online


Unofficial legal citation information available on the web:

Maps and Other Cartographic Materials


Last Updated: 22 December 2010

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